Professor Di Turi on globalization and the interplay between social rights and international trade law.

Professor Claudio di Turi in his article - which appears in the part of the book dedicated to the role of non-state actors in economic globalization - is concerned 1) in general in an assessment of globalization current trends and 2) more specifically on the role of the social principles elaborated by International Labor Organization on the evolutions of WTO decision-making activity and global trade practices. This analysis is particularly timely: it comes at a time in which there is growing globaldisaffection with the dynamics and consequences of globalization, and in which globalization is perceived more as a threat to human dignity and lives than as a driving factor for human wellbeing. As a consequence, scholars and politicians struggle to find ways to smooth out globalization‘s "harshnesses ." This polarization is exactly the jumping-off point of the analysis: Professor Di Turi sketches the implications of the complex interplays between the pros and pitfalls of the globalization process, the limits and obstacles to social development, and how it can be identified a socalled "social dimension" of international trade issues. All these problems are viewed through the lens of labor law - a particularly important field of human experience - and through the lawmaking activity of the ILO. How do the principles elaborated in this area (such as "equal remuneration," "no discrimination," "freedom of association" and the like) help to improve, or affect, global trade practices? In this study, a special importance is given to the "social" dimension of trade law, and furthermore, this analysis help us to identify a true "social turn" in the field of international law, more generally. From this perspective, the "social clause" and the promotion of ILO standards plays a major role in shaping current trade trajectories across the world. This could prove extremely useful to those scholars and practitioners who aim at understanding - and even criticize - the current framework international trade law.