Globalization, and the consequent international exchange of goods, services, cultures, ideas, has brought increased wealth for many on the one hand, while exerting pressure on core societal values both in developed and developing countries on the other hand. Public opinion and policy makers have warned against the threat posed by international trade and liberalization to policies and measures meant to protect the so-called non-trade concerns (NTC), such as environmental protection, sustainable development, good governance, cultural rights, labour rights, public health, social welfare, national security, food safety, access to knowledge, consumer interests and animal welfare.When trying to protect these issues, developed countries have put into place trade measures that have encountered resistance or dissent in developing countries, being perceived as protectionist actions or as an attempt by the importing countries to impose their social, ethical and cultural values on exporting countries.The challenge of integrating Non-Trade Concerns embodies the willingness to overcome national egoisms and embrace universally a number of fundamental values, creating an ethical and juridical platform to win over cultural differences and issues of national sovereignty. gLAWcal’s research aims at identifying ways to protect NTC within international economic law. By shedding new light on developing countries’ trends towards inclusion of NTC in the domestic and international arena, gLAWcal provides a comprehensive perspective on law enforcement, creating a bridge between the international and the domestic realities.

gLAWcal Books

US Trade Policy, China and the WTO

Sustainable Development and International Adjudication: An Analysis of Deep-Seabed Mining and Foreign Direct Investment Disputes

Global Values and International Trade Law

Technocracy and the Law: Accountability, Governance and Expertise

EU and CARICOM: Dilemmas versus Opportunities on Development, Law and Economics

India’s Foreign Economic Policy: Deciphering the Law, Economics and Politics

gLAWcal ACADEMIC Articles and book chapters

Critical Reflections on Bank Bail-Ins

Emilios Avgouleas and Charles Goodhart

gLAWcal Infographics

gLAWcal events

December 10, 2021

Human Rights Day 2021