The perspective given in this chapter describes how corporations have supplanted the state as the major actors in the “new international economic scenario”. These multinational corporations (MNCs) have their own concerns separate from those in the state acting position. The focus for this chapter is placed on how MNCs play a role within modern Chinese society, and how the business practices and corporate social responsibility (CSR) have shaped the behaviors of the corporations. Furthermore, there are international law considerations when assessing the public policy introduced within any nation, including China, to mark their effectiveness. In China there is also the existence of competing, and often very large state-owned enterprises that play a role when considering the broad scope of MNCs and their CSRs. This nation has been often amongst the list of signatories for international agreements of all varieties, including those that regulate business practices, especially those limiting the actions of those aiming to harm the environment. The author concludes with determining that when investigating Chinese public policy and whether it is in harmony with international obligations, that China does have a harmonious society in this regard. The expansion of access to rights of all varieties for the citizens of that nation, and the new and greater emphasis on non-trade concerns means that China can be looked at as a pillar, an example, of the way to create policies that balance trade and labor concerns.