While on the books there is great consideration for domestic policies that promote the idea of intellectual property rights there have been many modern clashes between the United States and China on this account, with the WTO in the middle as an arbiter. One of the highlighted examples of the chapter include the WTO disputes between these two nations regarding the entertainment industry. The United States claimed that China would frequently neglect in ensuring that copyrighted materials be protected once introduced in China. The entertainment industry is not the only example of intellectual property rights having a great variety of implementation across nations. Many manufacturing processes have seen similar levels of neglect on ensuring that foreign copyrights are protected once introduced into the nation. However, there has been contemporary improvement in the adoption of global-level intellectual property rights, there are still striations in the efficacy amongst the various nations. These important ideals are summarized in the legal idea of Non-Trade Concerns (NTCs). For the United States, a robust mechanism for ensuring intellectual property rights of domestic ideas and products would be very important in making consideration for global negotiations for trade agreements. There is still much improvement that could be made on the account of intellectual property rights. But it is important to recognize that there is room for all parties to make considerations for cultural norms and traditions that may slow the introduction of internationally recognized patent-like protection on ideas, especially when they can be seen as traditions passed down, with no real “owner”.