The discussion on corporate human rights obligations has been ongoing for some time. More recently, the potential for corporate accountability under a new domain of international law, namely international criminal law, is being explored. This raises questions as to the interrelationship between and the intersection of the two fields of international law. This article argues that the intricacies of accepting corporations as duty-bearers of human rights obligations are of a quite distinct nature than those permeating the international criminal law debate. Moreover, the corporate violations at stake are to a very large extent of a different nature. It is thus argued that the discussions on corporate liability in the two fields of international law run parallel rather than directly intersecting. The debate on corporate human rights obligations may well be informed by potential future developments within international criminal law, but international criminal law is not the panacea that solves all theoretical and practical obstacles surrounding the debate on corporate human rights obligations.