With the growing importance given to the climate change debate, energy has slowly come to attract the complete attention of the whole world. As a matter of fact, the main strategies identified by international bodies and institutions aimed at addressing the climatic issues faced by our planet always involve energy: in terms both of reducing the use of energy sources that increase emissions, and of using them more efficiently. The energy sector can be roughly divided into renewable energy, on the one hand, and fossil fuels, on the other. The former category is at the core of all the main international agreements regarding climate change and current environmental concerns: increasing the exploitation of renewable energy sources has become an urgent matter and a possible route to reach this goal is to facilitate trade and exchange in renewable energy goods, services, and technologies, through trade liberalization. Another possible route to achieve the global goal of reducing CO2 emissions and protect the environment requires reducing the use of fossil fuels, such as coal and oil. Global energy governance does, indeed, appear to be split into several initiatives, comprising a wide range of energy-related issues, such as trade and climate change, which are not coordinated with each other.