An area of the globe that has seen increasing levels of investment by the Chinese national government, and state owned enterprises, in the African continent. This has led to both positive and negative outcomes for public policies in China and African nations, respectively. What the author takes time to focus on in the broad discussions, is how the emergence of sustainability as a consideration have become more important in a modern context. Another interesting topic of conversation that the chapter explores is how the introduction of a Chinese-African Chamber of Commerce has provided a springboard for greater levels of investments, and has led to policies providing special economic zones that have an even greater benefit for the investors. While the criticism here may be the benefits of the investments do not stay in Africa, the chapter focuses the bulk of that discussion in determining what the primary motivation of these investments are for, namely oil and minerals for industrial use. However, it is still noted that the investment by China do provide a net-positive benefit for the nations who receive the investments. The chapter indicates that the onus of creating better situations for Africa rest both at the hands of the African national governments, and the Chinese national government themselves. Not lost in this discussion is the renewed calls for more sustainable practices, especially in the areas of investment that result in extractions of oil and minerals.